Labs & Research
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LAB & RESEARCH
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We know your process and how critical it is for you to protect precious and limited resources.
Let our Factory Trained and Certified Support Team review your application and requirements. We understand there are times when your process parameters change due to external conditions. This may require adding components to an existing stream or adding a new stream. We offer many high performance, affordable, turnkey solutions for your application. Explore our Application Support.
ACADEMIC & ADVANCED RESEARCH
Our TIGER OPTICS™ CRDS analyzers that are commonly used in this field include:
- HALO™: This is a high-performance CRDS analyzer that offers sub-ppb sensitivity for a range of gases, including water vapor, methane, ammonia, and hydrogen fluoride. It is commonly used in environmental and atmospheric research, as well as in materials science and semiconductor manufacturing.
- CO-rekt™: This analyzer is designed for accurate and reliable measurements of carbon monoxide in a range of industrial gases, including hydrogen, nitrogen, and argon. It is commonly used in applications such as syngas production, chemical processing, and fuel cell research.
- Prismatic™ 3: This analyzer is designed for high-precision measurements of water vapor in a range of gases, including hydrogen, nitrogen, and natural gas. It is commonly used in environmental research, as well as in industrial applications such as semiconductor manufacturing and natural gas processing.
Our EXTREL™ Quadrupole Mass Spectrometers that are commonly used in this field include:
- MAX300-LG™: This instrument is designed for high-sensitivity gas analysis and is commonly used in research applications such as trace gas analysis, leak detection, and gas purity testing.
- MAX300-RTG™ 2.0: This instrument is designed for real-time gas analysis in a range of applications, including petrochemical processing, gasification, and environmental monitoring.
- MAX300-CAT™: This instrument is designed for catalysis research and is commonly used in applications such as reaction monitoring, product analysis, and kinetic studies.
A sterilant gas is ethylene oxide gas or hydrogen peroxide that can destroy or inactivate many types of microorganisms. Sterilant gas monitoring is the detection of hazardous gases used by health care and other facilities to sterilize medical supplies that cannot be sterilized by heat or steam methods. Continuous gas analyzers are used as part of the safety program to provide prompt alerts to nearby workers in the event that there is a leak of the sterilant gas.
- Measure sterilant gas concentration in real-time under ambient or vacuum conditions
- Monitor H2O2 and H2O, Ethylene Oxide, NOx for cycle development of sterilization chamber, filling isolators and resistometers
- Optical RH and relative saturation measurements
- Sterilization process control, logging, or troubleshooting
- Independent reference for potential load production release
ULTRA-PURE AND PURE WATER
Pure water is a critical resource in many laboratory settings, and is used for a variety of purposes. Ultra-pure water (UPW) is water that has been purified to high levels of specification. Ultra-pure water is essential to every laboratory. UPW must not contain any detectable endotoxins. This level of purity makes it a perfect reagent for laboratory work. UPW is used in the semiconductor and pharmaceutical industries. The quality of water is defined through a series of measurements of conductivity (µS/cm) or resistivity (MΩ-cm), Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in parts per billion (ppb), and bacterial count (CFU/ml).
Monitoring wastewater in laboratory and research industries is important. Some common parameters that are often monitored in laboratory wastewater include:
- pH: The pH of wastewater can affect its ability to support aquatic life and the efficiency of wastewater treatment processes.
- Chemical oxygen demand (COD): COD is a measure of the amount of oxygen that is required to oxidize organic and inorganic compounds in wastewater.
- Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD): BOD is a measure of the amount of oxygen that is consumed by microorganisms as they break down organic matter in wastewater.
- Total nitrogen (TN): TN is a measure of the total amount of nitrogen present in wastewater, including both organic and inorganic nitrogen.
- Total phosphorus (TP): TP is a measure of the total amount of phosphorus present in wastewater, which can contribute to eutrophication and algal blooms in receiving water bodies.
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, SAFETY & COMPLIANCE
Laboratories contain significant risks, and the prevention of laboratory accidents requires great care and reliable instrumentation and analytical solutions. Laboratory operations use hazardous chemicals and equipment, which may pose health hazards and physical hazards to laboratory personnel. Gas leaks in the laboratory are often difficult to detect and cause serious consequences. Some risks include asphyxiation, fire or explosion from compressed gases. The Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories standard (29 CFR 1910.1450) was created specifically for non-production laboratories.
- Ambient air analysis, pyrolysis, natural materials, isotopic analysis, greenhouse gas monitoring
- Full composition and trace gas analyzers for atmospheric chemistry and environmental research
- River water, contamination, and wastewater monitoring
- Climatic chamber and glovebox moisture, temperature and dew point sensor validation
- Trace gas analyzers for compounds, including H2O, O2, H2, CH4, NH3, CO, CO2, N2, Ar, He, VOC, HAPs, hydrocarbons, etc.
TEMPERATURE PROGRAMMED DESORPTION
Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) is a surface analysis technique used to study the adsorption and desorption of gases on solid surfaces. TPD involves heating a sample to gradually increase the temperature while monitoring the amount of gas released from the surface. By analyzing the temperature dependence of the desorption, researchers can obtain information about the strength and nature of the adsorption.
Our EXTREL™ MAX300-EGA Evolved Gas Analysis System comes equipped to import a Start-of-Heating signal from the TGA for easy data synchronization and features a chemically inert transfer line specially designed keep the sample hot and under vacuum all the way to the ionizer, to guard against condensation or chemical interaction. The system is equipped with advanced software that allows for the automated acquisition and analysis of TPD data, as well as the generation of TPD curves and spectra. The software also includes advanced data analysis tools that enable the user to analyze the TPD data in detail and extract meaningful information about the desorption behavior of the molecules on the surface.
Gas analyzers can be used in laser ablation experiments to monitor the chemical composition of the ablated material and the surrounding gas environment. In a typical laser ablation experiment, a focused laser beam is used to vaporize a small amount of material from the surface of a solid sample. The resulting plume of vaporized material expands rapidly, creating a gas environment that can be analyzed using gas analyzers.
For example, our EXTREL™ Quadrupole Mass Spectrometers can be used to monitor the composition of the gas environment during laser ablation experiments to determine the presence and concentration of specific gases, such as oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. This information can be used to gain insights into the laser ablation process and the composition of the ablated material.
- MAX300-LG™ : Specifically designed for laser ablation applications, offering high sensitivity and fast response time to monitor the gas environment in real-time during laser ablation experiments.
- MAX300-BIO™: Designed for biological applications but can also be used for laser ablation experiments. It offers high sensitivity and the ability to detect a wide range of gases.
- MAX300-RTG™ 2.0: Designed for real-time gas analysis applications and can be used to monitor the gas environment during laser ablation experiments.
Analysts use Outgassing Studies to determine the chemical and physical properties of materials that are under various temperature and pressure conditions. Outgassing research analyzes materials used in the production of Aerospace and Semiconductor devices. This application is also well-suited to analyze devices such as Medical/Surgical Equipment, Automotive Parts and High Precision Ceramics, where high quality results are critical for successful research studies.
To perform Outgassing Studies, Mass Spectrometers that provide high sensitivity and high resolution are needed. Our EXTREL™ MAX-QMS™ Mass Spectrometer System meets these needs. Along with high sensitivity up to 6 mA/Torr, the MAX-QMS System gives users the ability to measure both water and other possible contaminants. The Merlin Automation™ Data System provides the user with the ability to monitor outgassing during a short experiment, continuously for days or even weeks.
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is an analytical technique used to analyze the chemical composition of solid surfaces and thin films at the atomic and molecular scale. In SIMS, a beam of high-energy ions is directed at a sample, causing the ejection of secondary ions from the surface of the sample. These secondary ions are then analyzed using a mass spectrometer to determine their chemical identity and abundance.
One technique used to characterize the physical and electronic properties of the surface of a material is Helium Scattering using mass spectrometry. A beam of atoms, usually Helium, is aimed at a surface, and atoms from the surface are ejected. Mass Filters are used to measure the atoms that are scattered, and to pinpoint the angle and time at which the scattering atoms are being released (time of flight analysis). Since the events of this non-destructive surface science method happen quickly, this application requires the use of mass filters that provide high stability and fast response times. Our EXTREL™ Quadrupole Mass Filters and RF/DC Power Supplies are the ideal choice for scattering applications.
SECONDARY ION MASS SPECTROMETRY
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) is a technique used in materials science and analytical chemistry to analyze the composition and distribution of elements and isotopes within a solid sample. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)is used to detect and characterize trace elements at or near the surface of a solid or thin film allowing researchers to understand the chemical composition of the surface.
Our EXTREL™ MAX300-RTG™ 2.0 mass spectrometer is well-suited for SIMS analysis:
- High sensitivity: It is equipped with a high-sensitivity detector that can detect even small amounts of secondary ions generated by the SIMS process.
- High resolution: The mass spectrometer provides high resolution, enabling the identification and separation of ions with similar masses, which is important for accurate analysis of complex samples.
- Versatility: Is versatile and can be used for a range of applications, including SIMS analysis of solid samples, as well as gas analysis.
- Easy integration: Designed to be easily integrated with other SIMS systems, making it a popular choice for researchers and technicians working in the field of materials science and analytical chemistry.