Energy

ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS FOR Energy Applications

From untreated gas analysis to custody transfer, Process Insights provides reliable measurement solutions for flow, energy content, fuel contaminants and gas stream assay with innovative technologies.  As a market leader in self calibrating moisture measurement solutions for natural gas, we also offer optical solutions for flow measurement, BTU analysis and trace impurities.  

Process Insights:  We are revolutionizing measurement everywhere!

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Power Generation

The energy sector encompasses a diverse range of applications and technologies, each with unique measurement challenges.   Power generation from fossil fuels, such as coal and gas, presents the challenge of measuring a range of combustion by-products in a harsh environment, while power generation from nuclear requires safety-critical process control.  From trace HCl measurements to comply with US EPA rules to continuous monitoring of ammonia slip for reducing the cost of abating NOx, Tiger units deliver reliably 24/7/365.

Custody transfer is one of the most important applications for flow measurement. Whatever solution you select, it must deliver measurement accuracy and reliability to assure commercial and regulatory compliance. From biomass to energy, waste to energy, or pipeline to terminal, we understand what our power generation customers challenges are.   Our real-time gas analysis solutions enhance efficiency, safety, throughput, product quality, and provides environmental compliance.

Gas analysis utilizes various technologies such as tunable diode laser spectroscopy, zirconia oxygen analysis, infrared gas analysis, stack gas analysis, and continuous emissions monitoring systems.  Monitor CO2 emissions with our range of quadrupole mass spectrometers with low detection limits across a wide range of elements with fast measurement times, high reliability and low operating costs.

The Wobbe index gives the relative ability of fuel gases to generate heat energy. The fuel gases that we talk about here are natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, producer gas, etc. Calorific value, on the other hand, refers to the total energy generation of fuel. We usually give it for a unit mass of the fuel.

other applications

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Fuel Cell Hydrogen

Global efforts to reduce the impact of harmful emissions on the environment have increasingly focused on lowering carbon emissions. The key to meeting this challenge lies in replacing fossil fuels with alternative, renewable fuel sources, particularly to power vehicles.  Hydrogen fuel cells offer a uniquely flexible solution in this market and can be used for a wide range of applications, powering systems from laptop computers to utility power stations. The move to a hydrogen economy is widely regarded as the next step in the global transition towards a zero-carbon energy sector.  

Fuel cells are seen as a future alternative to fossil fuels. Many institutions are performing fuel cell research with a focus on commercializing the technology. Typically, an experiment includes a bench scale version of a catalytic process reaction in which the inlet composition is tightly controlled, and the outlet components vary based on fuel cell conditions.   In order to determine conversion and efficiency, researchers need to be able to measure the composition of the fuel cell inlet and outlet. Typical laboratory mass spectrometers have been used for years to identify the unknowns. However, our MAX300-LG Laboratory Mass Spectrometer has the ability to continuously measure the known components, as well as the unknowns, is what makes the MAX300-LG the ideal analyzer for fuel cell research. This laboratory mass spectrometer provides the sensitivity and detection limits needed for these types of reactions, especially for hydrogen measurements.

  • Gain reliable Hydrogen and syngas process control, and hydrogen purity analysis with our Industrial Mass Spectrometers
  • Increased accuracy and efficiency for all stages of the hydrogen economy: generation, storage, and delivery Hydrogen purity to meet ISO14687/SAE J2719 standards
  • Explore our CRDS gas analyzers for H2O, CO, CO2, H2, N2, CH4, H2S, hydrocarbons and our Calorimeters for BTU, Wobbe, CARI, and Density measurement

Fuel Cell Hydrogen Solutions Flyer

Flue Gas Desulfurization

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) is a set of technologies used to remove sulfur dioxide (SO2) from exhaust flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants. The process of FGD was designed to absorb the sulfur dioxide in the flue gas before it is released. This is accomplished through either a wet or a dry process. There are many methods for removing sulfur dioxide from boiler and furnace exhaust gases. The steam generators in large power plants and the process furnaces in large refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants, and incinerators burn considerable amounts of fossil fuels.  The flue gas desulfurization system plays an important role in addressing the sulfur dioxide pollution in many industries.

With rising energy prices and the escalating pressure to increase efficiency, the analysis of natural gas production and point of use had become a critical need. Since natural gas products are priced according to their BTU values, our MAX300-RTG™ Industrial Process Gas Analyzer are in demand to provide fast and accurate analysis critical for fuel gas quality control and maximizing natural gas revenue. In addition to its fast analysis time, the MAX300-RTG implements stream-switching capabilities. One MAX300-RTG has all the capabilities needed to replace several conventional BTU analyzers in natural gas processing facilities.  The MAX300-RTG Series has several advantages over conventional BTU analyzers, calorimeters, and gas chromatographs.  Gain the ability to measure the stream components ranging from C1-C6 including butane and pentane isotopes.  Also meeasure “heavies” such as C6 isotopes, heptane, octane and aromatics such as benzene and toluene.

  • Real-time gas analyzers for environmental compliance and combustion control
  • Rapid response for optimized combustion efficiency and accurate H2 blending to reduced carbon emissions
  • Multiple solutions for compliance with regulations such as 40 CFR Part 60, and HRVOC rules
  • Measure H2S, Total Sulfur, Net Heating Value (NHV), O2 and COeWobbe, Specific Gravity, CARI, and full speciated composition

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions to produce electricity. Nuclear power can be obtained from nuclear fission, nuclear decay and nuclear fusion reactions.   We help ensure efficient, reliable and the safe operations of nuclear facilities around the world.  

Designed specifically for Low Mass Gas Analysis applications, our Flange Mounted Mass Spectrometers have been providing unmatched performance for nuclear, Gas Production and Process_Insights_Solutions for Fuel Cell Hydrogen Analysis_v23 industries for decades.  This Series offer the high resolution, sensitivity and abundance sensitivity needed for Hydrogen and Helium/Deuterium Analysis.

Deuterium (D2 or 2H2), also known as “heavy hydrogen”, is used in a variety of applications, including industrial and university research comparisons between the hydrogen and deuterium in deposited film analysis, rapid thermal anneals for certain semiconductor devices, and optical fiber manufacturing to eliminate the water peak in the telecom E-band.  Whether for process control or quality assurance, gas suppliers need accurate, low-level contaminant monitoring to ensure deuterium purity, especially for trace D2O (heavy water) and HDO (semi heavy water). Our HALO 3 D2O/HDO analyzer offers unparalleled accuracy and reliability for your deuterium purity analysis. Compact and easy to use, this analyzer features our proven Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy technology to effortlessly detect single-digit ppb levels of D2O and HDO in your sample.

TRACE HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN GAS ANALYSIS FOR THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY

Our CRDS high-performance HALO analyzers earned the SIL 1 rating for deployment in nuclear plants to ensure optimum process control for gas-cooled reactors.  Our moisture analyzers also help nuclear fuel reprocessors by calibration-free monitoring of fuel rod storage containers prior to reprocessing.

APPLICATIONS

Biofuels & Renewables

For decades, our solutions have been continuously monitoring biogas or greenhouse gases like methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon monoxide.  Our elemental analyzers are proven analytical systems to quickly validate and deliver to ASTM standards. Biofuel manufacturers and production plants depend on our gas analysis solutions for bioethanol, biodiesel and other biofuels.

Pyrolysis and Combustion Analysis requires very fast, stable chemical analysis of the combustion process or exhaust stream. Critical to the process is the use of a gas analysis system with high sensitivity and high resolution, to accurately monitor a wide range of applications while maintaining a small dead time between sample runs.

For in-depth analysis of biofuel sources, the VeraSpec MBx is the go-to solution for handling the difficulties of pyrolysis and combustion analysis. The VeraSpec MBx is the flagship instrument for the analysis of pyrolytic byproducts in the search for new biofuel sources.   The VeraSpec MBx has been the proven solution for pyrolytic byproduct analysis by customers such as the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the University of Georgia’s Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC).  Our other biofuel analysis solutions also include the MAX300-LG™ Laboratory Gas Analyzer and MAX300-BIO™ Bioreactor Gas Analyzer System, capable of sampling from multiple points along an atmospheric pressure exhaust stream.

  • Detection and Measurement of sugar and lignin content within biofuel plant sources 
  • Monitoring automobile engine exhaust
  • Detecting trace metals or the chemistry of particulates in furnace exhaust
  • Analysis of rocket engine combustion products to improve engine efficiency
  • Complex Carbohydrate content detection in biofuel sources

    Ethanol

    Ethanol is produced in several ways from biomass or other organic sources. In an effort to better control production processes and improve efficiency, increased emphasis has been put on the importance of fast accurate, gas analysis for optimal fermentation control. The methodologies being implemented are similar to those used for years by pharmaceutical and chemical industries.  

    For laboratory research engineers who need to understand the process and perform analysis on Bench Scale Reactors, we offer MAX300-LG Laboratory Gas Analyzer. When the process moves to pilot plant and production facilities, engineers have the ability to apply the MAX300-BIO Bioreactor Gas Analyzer. The hardware and software designs of these two systems are the same, which provides the operator with familiarity and consistency of analysis.

    NATURAL GAS 

    With rising energy prices and the escalating pressure to increase efficiency, the analysis of natural gas production and point of use had become a critical need. Since natural gas products are priced according to their BTU values, our MAX300-RTG™ 2.0 Industrial Process Gas Analyzer are in demand to provide fast and accurate analysis critical for product quality control and maximizing natural gas revenue. In addition to its fast analysis time, the MAX300-RTG implements stream-switching capabilities. One MAX300-RTG has all the capabilities needed to replace several conventional BTU analyzers in natural gas processing facilities.  

    • Measures the stream components ranging from C1-C6 including butane and pentane isotopes
    • Measures “heavies” such as C6 isotopes, heptane, octane and aromatics such as benzene and toluene
    • Optional electron multiplier detector provides part per million (ppm) analysis of hydrogen sulfide
    • Provides accurate hydrogen measurement when analyzing a blended fuel gas stream such as refinery “off-gas”
    • Performs BTU or heating value calculations and trends this information (in addition to the individual components)

    SF6 & SO2

    SF6 gas is a non-toxic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and a chemically stable substance.  The moisture in the SF6 regeneration gas is mainly caused by the abnormal operation of the filter or the untimely replacement of the adsorbent during the regeneration process. SF6 gas itself contains moisture in the production process.  SF6 regeneration gas contains moisture.  SF6 is also a very potent greenhouse gas, 23,000 times more damaging than carbon dioxide.  It is commonly used in electrical switchgear, transformers and substations as an electrical insulation, arc quenching and cooling medium, 

    • SF6 gas analyzers that capture and return the measured gas to the gas compartment so that measurements released virtually no SF6 gas to the atmosphere
    • SO2 measurement can be easily added during production, or at a later time by the user.
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