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Biofuel Analysis


Biofuel source analysis involves the comprehensive evaluation of various biofuels to determine their potential as sustainable and renewable energy sources. This assessment encompasses an examination of the production process, energy content, environmental implications, and economic feasibility associated with different biofuel options.

Biofuels can be derived from diverse sources, ranging from agricultural crops like corn and sugarcane to waste materials such as used cooking oil and municipal solid waste. These sources provide the raw materials for the production of biofuel variants such as ethanol, biodiesel, and biogas.

The objective of biofuel source analysis is to identify the most promising biofuel sources based on multiple criteria, including their availability, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impact. The insights gained from this analysis can inform policy decisions and investment strategies related to the advancement and implementation of biofuels as a renewable energy alternative.

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  • Biofuels Regulations

    Biofuels Regulations

    Biofuel regulations refer to the set of laws, policies, and standards that govern the production, distribution, and use of biofuels. These regulations are typically put in place by governments at the national, regional, or international level to promote the development and utilization of biofuels as a renewable and sustainable alternative to fossil fuels. The specific regulations can vary between countries and regions, but here are some common aspects covered by biofuel regulations:

    • Blending Requirements: Many countries have implemented blending mandates, which require a certain percentage of biofuels to be blended with conventional fossil fuels. These mandates are often aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting renewable energy sources. For example, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in the United States sets specific blending targets for biofuels like ethanol and biodiesel.
    • Sustainability Criteria: Some biofuel regulations include sustainability criteria that biofuel producers must meet to ensure that the feedstocks used for biofuel production are sourced sustainably. These criteria may address issues such as land use change, protection of natural habitats, greenhouse gas emissions, water use, and social impacts. The European Union’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) includes sustainability criteria for biofuels used in the EU.
    • Quality Standards: Biofuel regulations often establish quality standards that biofuels must meet to ensure their compatibility with existing fuel infrastructure and engines. These standards may cover parameters such as fuel composition, purity, and performance characteristics. For example, ASTM International has developed specifications for biofuels like biodiesel (ASTM D6751) and ethanol (ASTM D4806).
    • Certification and Verification: Some biofuel regulations require certification or verification processes to ensure compliance with sustainability criteria or quality standards. These processes may involve third-party audits, inspections, and documentation t demonstrate adherence to the regulatory requirements. The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) and the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) are examples of certification schemes for biofuels.
    • Reporting and Recordkeeping: Biofuel regulations often require reporting and recordkeeping of biofuel production, blending, and distribution activities. This allows regulatory authorities to monitor compliance with blending mandates, sustainability criteria, or quality standards. It also helps track the environmental and economic impacts of biofuel production and use.
  • Renewable Natural Gas (RNG)

    Renewable Natural Gas (RNG)

    Real-time analyzers are essential for renewable gas processing, custody transfer, and environmental compliance for several reasons:

    • Process Optimization: Real-time analyzers provide continuous monitoring of various parameters, such as gas composition, impurities, moisture content, and heating value. This information allows operators to optimize the renewable gas processing operations in real time. By closely monitoring and adjusting process variables, such as temperature, pressure, and feedstock composition, operators can maximize gas quality, improve efficiency, and reduce energy consumption during production.
    • Quality Assurance: Renewable gas, such as biomethane or hydrogen, needs to meet specific quality standards before it can be distributed or utilized. Real-time analyzers enable the continuous monitoring of gas quality parameters, ensuring that the gas meets the required specifications. By monitoring impurities, contaminants, and other relevant gas properties, analyzers help maintain consistent and high-quality gas for end-users.
    • Custody Transfer: Custody transfer refers to the transfer of ownership of renewable gas from one party to another. It often involves transactions between gas producers and gas distributors or consumers. Real-time analyzers play a crucial role in custody transfer by accurately measuring and verifying the quantity and quality of the transferred gas. They ensure that both parties have reliable and transparent data on the gas composition, energy content, and other relevant parameters for fair and accurate billing.
    • Environmental Compliance: Renewable gas processing facilities must adhere to environmental regulations and standards to minimize the impact on the environment and public health. Real-time analyzers help ensure compliance by continuously monitoring emissions, such as greenhouse gases, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and other pollutants. They provide real-time data on emission levels, enabling operators to detect deviations from compliance thresholds promptly. By identifying and addressing potential environmental issues in real time, operators can take appropriate corrective actions and mitigate any adverse environmental impacts.
    • Safety and Operational Efficiency: Real-time analyzers enhance safety and operational efficiency in renewable gas processing facilities. They can detect the presence of hazardous gases, such as hydrogen sulfide or methane leaks, which are flammable and pose safety risks. Early detection of these hazards allows for rapid response and mitigation measures to protect personnel and equipment. Moreover, real-time monitoring of process parameters helps identify deviations or anomalies that could indicate equipment malfunctions or inefficiencies. This information enables operators to take proactive measures to maintain equipment integrity, optimize operations, and prevent costly downtime.

    Our solutions also include:

    • In Situ O2 and COe for Combustion Monitoring and Burner Optimization COSA XENTAUR™ O2CX™ Monitor
    • Aluminum Oxide Dew Point Meters and Transmitters with Hyper-Thin-Film Technology for Portable/Fixed/ Loop-Powered Applications COSA XENTAUR™  XDT™ | XPDM™ | LPDT2™
    • Fast, Multi-Cycle Total Sulfur Fuel Gas Analyzer ATOM INSTRUMENT™ SGA-1000™
    • Direct Heating Value Analyzer for BTU, CARI, Wobbe, and Density COSA XENTAUR™ 9610 CXc ™ Calorimeter
    • Industrial Mass Spectrometers for Real Time, Multi-Stream Fuel Compliance and Control EXTREL™ MAX300-RTG™ 2.0
  • Fuel Ethanol & Fermenter Control

    Fuel Ethanol & Fermenter Control

    Fuel ethanol is a type of renewable biofuel produced through the fermentation of biomass, primarily crops like corn, sugarcane, or cellulosic materials. It is commonly used as an additive in gasoline to increase octane ratings and reduce carbon monoxide emissions. Fuel ethanol is also utilized as a standalone fuel in some flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) designed to run on blends of gasoline and ethanol.

    Fermenter control, in the context of fuel ethanol production, refers to the management and optimization of fermentation processes in large-scale ethanol production facilities. The fermentation process involves the conversion of sugars from biomass into ethanol through the action of yeast or other microorganisms. Fermenter control focuses on maintaining optimal conditions for the growth and activity of the microorganisms, thus maximizing ethanol production efficiency and quality.

    Here are some key aspects of fermenter control in fuel ethanol production:

    • Temperature Control: The temperature of the fermentation vessel, known as the fermenter, needs to be carefully regulated. Different microorganisms have specific temperature ranges at which they thrive and produce ethanol most efficiently. Maintaining the appropriate temperature is crucial to ensure optimal yeast activity and ethanol production.
    • pH Control: The pH level of the fermentation broth affects the activity and growth of the yeast or microorganisms. Monitoring and adjusting the pH is essential for maintaining optimal conditions for the microorganisms and preventing the growth of unwanted bacteria or contaminants that could negatively impact ethanol production.
    • Nutrient Supply: Yeast or microorganisms require certain nutrients to carry out the fermentation process effectively. Key nutrients include nitrogen, phosphorus, vitamins, and trace elements. Fermenter control involves providing an adequate and balanced supply of these nutrients to promote yeast growth and ethanol production.
    • Oxygen Management: During the early stages of fermentation, yeast or microorganisms require oxygen for growth. However, excessive oxygen levels can inhibit ethanol production. Fermenter control involves managing oxygen levels, ensuring sufficient oxygen during yeast propagation and limiting oxygen exposure during the actual ethanol fermentation process.
    • Fermentation Monitoring: Continuous monitoring of various parameters, such as temperature, pH, sugar levels, and ethanol concentration, is crucial for assessing the progress of fermentation and making necessary adjustments. Automated systems and sensors are often used to monitor these parameters in real-time, allowing for precise control and optimization of the fermentation process.
    • Contamination Prevention: Maintaining strict hygiene and sanitation practices is essential to prevent contamination by unwanted microorganisms. Contaminants can compete with ethanol-producing microorganisms, leading to reduced ethanol yields and lower quality fuel. Effective fermenter control includes implementing measures to minimize the risk of contamination, such as proper cleaning and sterilization protocols.

    Our solutions also include:

    • VIS-NIR Process Analyzer GUIDED WAVE™ ClearView db®
    • Real-Time, Multi-Stream Process NIR Spectrometer GUIDED WAVE™ NIR-O™
    • Real-Time, Multi-Stream Mass Spectrometer Gas Analyzer for Accurate OUR, CER, and RQ MGA 1200CS™ 
    • Benchtop Mass Spectrometer for Real-Time, Multi-Stream, Bioreactor EXTREL™ MAX300-LG™ 
    • CRDS Trace Gas Analyzer for ppb-Level Detection of H2O,   CH4,  CO, CO2 and C2H2  SPARK™ 

  • Hydrogen & Fuel Cells

    Hydrogen & Fuel Cells

    Monitoring hydrogen and syngas process control and performing hydrogen purity analysis is important for several reasons:

    • Process Optimization: Continuous monitoring of hydrogen and syngas parameters allows for process optimization. By monitoring key process variables such as temperature, pressure, flow rate, and composition, operators can ensure optimal process conditions and maximize production efficiency. Monitoring helps identify any deviations or abnormalities in the process, allowing for timely adjustments and improvements.
    • Safety Assurance: Hydrogen and syngas processes involve highly flammable and potentially hazardous gases. Monitoring is essential to ensure safe operating conditions. Continuous monitoring of hydrogen concentration, oxygen levels, and other relevant parameters helps detect potential safety risks, such as the presence of explosive mixtures or oxygen depletion. This information enables operators to take necessary precautions, implement safety measures, and prevent accidents or incidents.
    • Product Quality: Monitoring hydrogen purity is critical for ensuring the quality and reliability of end products. Many industries, such as the chemical, petrochemical, and electronics sectors, rely on high-purity hydrogen for their processes. By performing hydrogen purity analysis, operators can verify that the hydrogen gas meets the required specifications and does not contain impurities or contaminants that could negatively affect the final product’s performance or integrity.
    • Equipment Protection: Monitoring hydrogen and syngas parameters helps in protecting equipment and infrastructure. Certain impurities or contaminants in the gas stream can cause corrosion, fouling, or damage to the process equipment, catalysts, or downstream components. By monitoring these parameters, operators can detect and mitigate potential issues, ensuring the longevity and efficient operation of the equipment.
    • Energy Efficiency: Hydrogen and syngas production processes can be energy intensive. Monitoring allows operators to optimize energy usage and improve overall process efficiency. By tracking process parameters and analyzing data, operators can identify opportunities for energy savings, process optimization, and waste reduction. This leads to cost savings, reduced environmental impact, and increased sustainability.
    • Regulatory Compliance: Industries that produce and utilize hydrogen and syngas are subject to regulatory standards and requirements. Monitoring and documenting process parameters, including hydrogen purity, are necessary to ensure compliance with applicable regulations. Regular monitoring allows operators to demonstrate adherence to quality standards, safety guidelines, and environmental regulations.

    It’s important to implement a robust quality control program to monitor hydrogen purity at various stages of production and delivery. This includes regular sampling and analysis of the hydrogen gas using appropriate analytical techniques and equipment. Ensure that the laboratory performing the analysis is accredited and follows ISO/IEC 17025 standards for testing and calibration.

    Maintain high-purity conditions during hydrogen storage and distribution. Use materials, such as stainless steel or specialized hydrogen-compatible alloys, for storage containers, pipelines, and fittings to minimize the risk of contamination. Implement appropriate handling procedures and practices to prevent introduction of impurities during transportation and delivery.

    Our solutions also include:

    • Lab Mass Spectrometers for Real-Time, Multi-Stream Process Control EXTREL™ MAX300-LG™
    • Industrial Mass Spectrometers for Real-Time, Multi-Stream Process Control EXTREL™ MAX300-RTG™ 2.0
    • Injection Style Heating Value Analyzer with Zero-Hydrocarbon Emissions for BTU and Flare Control COSA XENTAUR™ 9800 CXi™ Calorimeter
    • Real-time Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy (CRDS) Impurity Analyzers for H2O, CO, CH4, and CO2 CO-rekt and Prismatic 3
  • ethanol biofuels


    Ethanol is produced in several ways from biomass or other organic sources. In an effort to better control production processes and improve efficiency, increased emphasis has been put on the importance of fast accurate, gas analysis for optimal fermentation control. The methodologies being implemented are similar to those used for years by pharmaceutical and chemical industries.  

    Ethanol is an important biofuel for several reasons:

    • Renewable and sustainable: Ethanol is made from renewable sources such as corn, sugarcane, and other agricultural products. Unlike fossil fuels, which are finite and non-renewable, ethanol can be produced continuously from biomass, making it a sustainable energy source.
    • Lower emissions: When compared to gasoline, ethanol produces lower levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Burning ethanol releases less carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere, which can help to reduce air pollution and mitigate climate change.
    • Economic benefits: The production of ethanol can create new economic opportunities, particularly in rural areas. Ethanol production can provide farmers with a new source of income, and the development of ethanol infrastructure can create jobs in manufacturing, transportation, and retail.
    • Domestic energy source: The use of ethanol can help to reduce dependence on imported oil, thereby increasing energy security. By producing ethanol domestically, countries can reduce their reliance on foreign oil and create a more self-sufficient energy system.

    Our EXTREL™ quadruple mass spectrometers can provide several benefits in ethanol production:

    • Accurate analysis: A quadruple mass spectrometer can accurately measure the chemical composition of ethanol, as well as impurities and contaminants, in real-time. This can help ethanol producers to ensure that their product meets regulatory standards and is of consistent quality.
    • Process optimization: By providing real-time analysis, a quadruple mass spectrometer can help ethanol producers to optimize their production processes. This can help to increase efficiency, reduce waste, and lower production costs.
    • Reduced environmental impact: Ethanol production can have significant environmental impacts, including the release of greenhouse gases and the use of large amounts of water. By optimizing production processes with a quadruple mass spectrometer, ethanol producers can reduce their environmental footprint and improve their sustainability.
  • process water and wastewater

    Process Water & Wastewater

    Monitoring water influent and effluent discharge, as well as various aspects of water in process control, high purity, oil in water, cooling water, condensate return, water-steam cycles, and environmental compliance is important for several reasons:

    • Process Optimization: Continuous monitoring of water parameters allows for process optimization. By monitoring influent water quality, operators can adjust treatment processes to ensure consistent and suitable water quality for industrial processes. Monitoring effluent discharge ensures that the water leaving the facility meets regulatory standards and helps identify any potential process inefficiencies or issues that need to be addressed.
    • Environmental Protection: Monitoring water influent and effluent is crucial for environmental compliance. Industries are required to meet specific water quality standards when discharging water into the environment. By monitoring effluent water, operators can detect any pollutants or contaminants that may be present and take corrective actions to reduce their impact on the environment.
    • Resource Management: Water is a valuable resource, and monitoring its usage is essential for efficient resource management. By monitoring water in various process control systems, such as high purity water systems or cooling water circuits, operators can detect leaks, excessive consumption, or other issues that may lead to water wastage. This information enables them to implement measures for water conservation and improve overall water use efficiency.
    • Equipment Protection: Water quality plays a crucial role in the protection of equipment and infrastructure. Monitoring water in processes such as cooling water systems or condensate return helps identify any impurities, corrosion, or scaling issues that could potentially damage equipment or reduce its efficiency. By monitoring and maintaining appropriate water quality, operators can prolong the lifespan of equipment and reduce maintenance costs.
    • Regulatory Compliance: Industries are subject to environmental regulations and standards governing water usage and discharge. Regular monitoring of water parameters ensures compliance with these regulations and helps industries avoid penalties or legal consequences. Monitoring allows operators to track and report relevant data, including water quality, usage, and discharge, as required by regulatory bodies.
    • Health and Safety: Water quality monitoring is crucial for ensuring the health and safety of workers and the public. In processes where high purity water is required, monitoring for contaminants is essential to prevent potential health risks associated with their presence. Similarly, monitoring oil in water, especially in industrial settings where oil spills or leaks may occur, helps protect water resources and prevents potential harm to aquatic ecosystems and public health.

    Our solutions include:

    • TOC Water Analyzer for Harsh Wastewater Applications LAR™ QuickTOCultra™
    • TOC Water Analyzer for Clean Water Applications LAR™ QuickTOCuvll™
    • TOC Water Analyzer for Municipal and Cooling Water Applications LAR™ QuickTOCeco™
    • COD Water Analyzer for Laboratories LAR™ QuickCODab™

    Pyrolysis and combustion analysis are two methods used to study the chemical composition and properties of various materials, including biomass, fossil fuels, and other organic materials.

    Pyrolysis is a process in which organic materials are heated in the absence of oxygen, causing them to break down into smaller molecules. The resulting products can then be analyzed to determine their chemical composition and properties. Pyrolysis is commonly used to study the composition of biomass, as well as to produce biochar, a type of charcoal that can be used as a soil amendment or carbon sequestration tool.

    Combustion analysis, on the other hand, involves burning a sample of material in the presence of oxygen and measuring the resulting combustion products. This method is commonly used to analyze the composition of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, as well as to measure the energy content of various materials.

    Our EXTREL™ quadrupole mass spectrometers can be used to monitor pyrolysis and combustion analysis by measuring the concentrations of gases that are produced during these processes.  In pyrolysis, a material is heated in the absence of oxygen, causing it to break down into smaller molecules. During this process, various gases are released, including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and various hydrocarbons.

    Quadrupole mass spectrometers work by ionizing the gas molecules produced during pyrolysis or combustion analysis and then separating them based on their mass-to-charge ratios. The resulting data can be used to identify and quantify the gases produced, allowing for a detailed analysis of the pyrolysis or combustion process.

    The quadrupole mass spectrometer can be used to monitor the levels of different gases at various stages of the pyrolysis or combustion process. This information can be used to optimize the process conditions and improve the efficiency of the process.

    For in-depth analysis of biofuel sources, our EXTREL VeraSpec™ MBx is the go-to choice for handling the difficulties of pyrolysis and combustion analysis. The VeraSpec MBx is the flagship instrument for the analysis of pyrolytic byproducts in the search for new biofuel sources.  


    In the biofuel industry, instrument air dryers and dew point meters play crucial roles in maintaining the quality and reliability of instrument air systems.

    Instrument air dryers work by reducing the dew point of the compressed air, which is the temperature at which the air reaches saturation and condensation occurs. There are different types of instrument air dryers, such as refrigerated dryers, desiccant dryers, and membrane dryers. These dryers use various techniques like cooling, adsorption, or selective permeation to remove moisture from the air.

    By effectively removing moisture, instrument air dryers help ensure that the compressed air used in the biofuel industry is clean, dry, and free from contaminants. This contributes to the reliable and accurate operation of instruments, control systems, and analytical equipment, preventing potential issues caused by moisture, such as sensor malfunction or inaccurate readings.

    Our solutions also include:

    • Aluminum Oxide Dew Point Meters for Portable/Fixed/Loop-Powered Applications COSA XENTAUR™  XDT™ | XPDM™ LPDT2™
    • CRDS Analyzer for UHP Moisture Spark

  • Off-Gas Recapture & Enrichment

    In the biofuel industry, optimizing combustion efficiency and accurately blending hydrogen (H2) play significant roles in reducing carbon emissions. Here’s why:

    Combustion efficiency refers to the ability of a fuel to be burned completely, releasing the maximum amount of energy while minimizing waste products. By optimizing combustion efficiency in biofuel production and utilization processes, the industry can achieve more complete and cleaner combustion, resulting in reduced carbon emissions.

    When biofuels are efficiently combusted, they release fewer unburned hydrocarbons, particulate matter, and other harmful byproducts. These byproducts contribute to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. By improving combustion efficiency, biofuel producers and users can minimize these emissions, leading to a cleaner and more environmentally friendly energy source.

    Hydrogen has a high energy content and burns cleanly, emitting only water vapor when combusted. By accurately blending hydrogen with biofuels or conventional fuels, the biofuel industry can reduce the carbon intensity of the overall fuel mixture. This means that for the same energy output, less carbon dioxide (CO2) is released into the atmosphere.

    By optimizing combustion efficiency and accurately blending hydrogen, the biofuel industry can significantly reduce carbon emissions and contribute to mitigating climate change. These practices support the industry’s efforts to provide low-carbon and sustainable energy solutions while reducing the environmental impact associated with biofuel production and utilization.

    Our solutions also include:

    • Handheld Multigas Emissions Analyzer COSA XENTAUR™ 707 CXc ™
    • In Situ Stack Gas Oxygen Analyzer COSA XENTAUR™ Zircomat™
    • Fast, Multi-Cycle Total Sulfur Fuel Gas Analyzer ATOM INSTRUMENT™ SGA-1000™
    • Direct Heating Value Analyzer for BTU, CARI, Wobbe, and Density COSA XENTAUR™ 9610 CXc™ Calorimeter
    • In Situ O2 and COe for Combustion Monitoring and Burner Optimization COSA XENTAUR™ O2CX™ Monitor
    • Industrial Mass Spectrometers for Real-Time, Multi-Stream Fuel Compliance and Control EXTREL MAX300-RTG™ 2.0
  • Nuclear Power

    Nuclear Power

    Mass spectrometers are widely used in nuclear research for the detection of helium, deuterium, hydrogen (H2), and isotopic analysis due to several key advantages:

    • High Precision and Sensitivity: Mass spectrometers offer exceptional precision and sensitivity in detecting and measuring isotopes and gases. They can accurately determine the exact masses of different isotopes present in a sample, allowing for precise quantification of helium, deuterium, hydrogen, and their isotopic ratios. This level of sensitivity is particularly valuable in nuclear research, where trace amounts of isotopes can have significant implications.
    • Isotopic Analysis: Mass spectrometers excel at isotopic analysis by measuring the relative abundances of isotopes in a sample. By ionizing the gas molecules, separating the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratios, and detecting the resulting ion currents, mass spectrometers can identify and quantify isotopes with high accuracy. Isotopic analysis is crucial in nuclear research for understanding reaction kinetics, fuel composition, neutron absorption rates, and other isotopic exchange processes.
    • Wide Detection Range: Mass spectrometers have the capability to analyze a broad range of masses, making them versatile for studying various isotopes and gases. They can detect and quantify helium, deuterium, hydrogen, and their isotopes across different mass ranges, allowing researchers to investigate different isotopic systems and variations in nuclear reactions.
    • Real-time Monitoring and Fast Analysis: Mass spectrometers provide real-time monitoring and rapid analysis of gas samples. They offer quick and continuous measurements, enabling researchers to observe changes in isotopic composition or gas concentrations over time. This capability is essential for dynamic studies, reactor control, and safety assessments in nuclear research.
    • High Resolution and Selectivity: Mass spectrometers can achieve high resolution in distinguishing between closely spaced isotopic peaks, ensuring accurate identification and measurement of isotopes. Their selectivity allows for specific analysis of target isotopes, reducing interference from other isotopes or gases present in the sample. This specificity is vital for isotopic analysis, especially in complex nuclear research samples.
    • Versatility and Adaptability: Mass spectrometers are versatile instruments that can be configured to analyze a wide range of gases and isotopes. They can be equipped with different ionization techniques (such as electron impact, chemical ionization, or laser ablation) and various mass analyzers (such as magnetic sector, quadrupole, or time-of-flight) to suit specific analytical requirements. This adaptability makes mass spectrometers valuable tools in nuclear research, where diverse isotopic systems and gas compositions are encountered.

    Our solutions also include:

    • Portable and Fixed Trace to Percent Oxygen Monitors ALPHA OMEGA INSTRUMENTS™ Series 3520™ and OXY-SEN™
    • Real-time Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy (CRDS) Impurity Analyzers for H2O, CO, CH4, and CO2 Prismatic3
    • High Resolution Mass Spectrometer for Isotopic Analysis EXTREL™ VeraSpec HRQ™
  • Nuclear Power

    Oxygen Analysis

    Performing oxygen analysis during waste gas tritium recovery is important for several reasons:

    • Safety: Oxygen analysis helps ensure a safe operating environment during the tritium recovery process. Monitoring oxygen levels in waste gases is crucial to prevent the accumulation of oxygen-deficient or oxygen-enriched atmospheres, which can pose serious safety hazards to personnel working in the facility. By detecting deviations from normal oxygen levels, appropriate safety measures can be implemented to protect workers from potential risks.
    • Process Efficiency: Oxygen analysis provides valuable insights into the efficiency of the tritium recovery process. The presence of oxygen can have an impact on the performance and stability of tritium recovery systems. By monitoring and controlling the oxygen levels, operators can optimize process parameters and ensure efficient tritium recovery. Deviations in oxygen levels may indicate process inefficiencies, leaks, or malfunctions that require attention and corrective actions.
    • Product Quality: The presence of oxygen in the recovered tritium can affect its purity and quality. High oxygen levels can lead to oxidation reactions that degrade tritium compounds, reducing the overall tritium yield and potentially impacting the quality of the recovered tritium. By accurately monitoring and controlling oxygen levels, operators can maintain the desired tritium purity and ensure the quality of the recovered product.
    • Regulatory Compliance: Oxygen analysis is often required to comply with regulatory standards and guidelines. Government agencies and environmental regulations may impose limits on oxygen emissions from waste gas streams to mitigate environmental impacts. Monitoring and reporting oxygen levels during waste gas tritium recovery help demonstrate compliance with these regulations and ensure the facility operates within acceptable limits.
    • Equipment Protection: Oxygen levels in waste gases can have a corrosive effect on equipment and infrastructure. High oxygen concentrations can accelerate corrosion, leading to equipment degradation, leaks, and potentially compromising the integrity of the tritium recovery system. By monitoring oxygen levels, operators can detect and mitigate potential corrosion issues, ensuring the longevity and reliability of equipment.
  • refinery


    Biomass gasification and pyrolysis are two thermochemical conversion processes used to convert biomass into valuable energy products. Here’s a brief explanation of each process:

    Biomass gasification is a process that involves the conversion of biomass feedstocks (such as agricultural residues, wood chips, or energy crops) into a gaseous fuel known as syngas (synthesis gas). The gasification process typically occurs in a high-temperature and oxygen-limited environment. 

    The produced char and bio-oil are further reacted with a controlled amount of oxygen or steam in a gasifier, resulting in the conversion of the solid and liquid components into a mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, and other trace gases. This mixture is known as syngas or producer gas.

    Our solutions also include:

    • Transmitters with Hyper-Thin-Film Technology for Portable/Fixed/Loop-Powered Applications COSA XENTAUR™ XDT™ | XPDM™ | LPDT2
    • Portable and Fixed Trace to Percent Oxygen Monitor ALPHA OMEGA INSTRUMENTS™ Series 3520™ and OXY-SEN™
    • Industrial Mass Spectrometers for Real-Time, Multi-Stream Gas Analysis and Process Control EXTREL™ MAX300-RTG™ 2.0
    • Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometer for Pyrolysis and Environmental Research EXTREL™ VeraSpec™ MBx
  • Laboratory, Safety & Compliance

    Laboratory, Safety & Compliance

    CRDS (Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy) analyzers are advanced analytical instruments used in the biofuel industry to monitor trace gases, including H2O, O2, H2, CH4, NH3, CO, CO2, N2, Ar, He, and hydrocarbons. CRDS is based on the principle of measuring the decay rate of light within a high-quality optical cavity. The instrument uses lasers to emit light into the cavity, and the decay of light intensity is measured as it is absorbed by the gas sample. The rate of decay is related to the concentration of the specific gas being analyzed.

    The biofuel industry uses CRDS analyzers to measure trace gases in various sample matrices, including gases, liquids, or solids. The sample is introduced into the analyzer through appropriate sample handling systems, such as gas lines, gas chambers, or sample injection systems.

    Our solutions also include:

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